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human trafficking in germany

The states collectively prosecuted 76 defendants for trafficking in 2017, including 71 defendants for sex trafficking and five for labor trafficking. The federal criminal police (Bundeskriminalamt or BKA) maintained an information portal for federal and state police forces with information on current trends, guidelines, and investigative tools for combating trafficking; Servicestelle also maintained an online platform that provided access to information on guidelines, agreements, and counseling centers for victims. Migrants and refugees remain vulnerable to sex or labor traffickers upon arrival. Human trafficking is high on the agenda of Germany. The basic protection of trafficked persons' fundamental rights is also provided for in the German Constitution. The federal government did not have a trafficking-specific hotline, but continued to fund a 24/7 hotline in 17 languages for women affected by violence; in 2018, the hotline received calls from 68 potential trafficking victims (compared to 120 in 2017). The government did not make efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex. Moreover, trafficking for exploitation in the practice of begging was registered for the first time in the Federal Situation Report on Human Trafficking and Exploitation of the BKA. This is a problem that is of major importance in Germany. Therefore, official statistics did not include cases in which the court convicted a defendant of trafficking and where that defendant received an aggregate sentence for another crime that carried a higher statutory sentence. The federal government continued to fund a 24/7 hotline in 17 languages for women affected by violence; in 2017, the hotline received calls from 120 potential trafficking victims. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. Human trafficking for sexual exploitation has traditionally receivied most attention in Germany, compared to other forms of exploitation. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. Traffickers exploit victims of forced labor primarily at construction sites, but also in hotels, meat-processing plants, seasonal industries, and restaurants, and as caregivers in private homes, with reported increases in the number of child victims. The government remained without a national rapporteur, a key recommendation of GRETA’s 2019 and 2015 reports. Germany remained without an anti-trafficking national action plan. The majority of identified sex trafficking victims were German (79), Bulgarian (66), Romanian (63), and Nigerian (61). Family members in organized groups force victims into trafficking situations, and reports estimate around 11 percent of sex trafficking victims are recruited by trusted family members. For all cases in which a court convicted a defendant of multiple crimes, government statistics filed it only under the charge that has the highest statutory sentence. The Family Ministry published its Federal Cooperation Concept for the Protection of Children in October 2018, designed to align policies and clarify responsibilities between agencies and across states for cases involving minors. Traffickers continue to fraudulently recruit and later coerce Nigerian women and girls to stay in exploitative situations using a “voodoo oath” they are forced to swear. • Appoint a national rapporteur to provide independent review of government efforts on both labor and sex trafficking. Private labor recruiters did not require a license to operate. Most labor trafficking victims were identified in the construction (38) and catering (12) sectors. Organ trafficking is a growing industry possibly due to an enormous 40-45 percent unemployment rate in Kosovo, leaving the citizens with very little options for survival. Illegal human trafficking is a major focus of police work in Germany, yet it remains prevalent. In November 2018, three Nigerian women received sentences in the Hesse state court ranging from two years and two months to three years and three months for recruiting Nigerian women as sex trafficking victims and prosecutors filed a motion for the court to reconsider a longer prison sentence. Human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation is still the main form of human trafficking in Germany. In a new report published today, the Council of Europe expert body on trafficking in human beings (GRETA) praises Germany for having significantly evolved its national legal framework against human trafficking since the first evaluation of the implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings in 2015. NGO counseling centers funded by the government served both labor and sex trafficking victims, although many centers worked only with female sex trafficking victims. The government amended the Victims of Crime Act in November 2019, which will address the requirement of physical violence and expand protections to include psychological violence once it enters into force in January 2024; this may result in more restitution awards to trafficking victims. BERLIN -- More than 700 police officers searched 30 homes and businesses across Germany on Tuesday in a crackdown on human trafficking from Vietnam, authorities said. The German government sustained efforts to prevent human trafficking throughout the year. Federal and state-level police continued to collaborate with EUROPOL and foreign governments, notably Romania, Bulgaria, and Nigeria, conducting trainings and investigating trafficking cases. Man arrested for human trafficking to Germany. Although prosecutors with experience assisting victims through trial processes frequently led sex trafficking cases, labor trafficking cases in contrast were more often assigned to financial, economic, or organized crime sections. Germany did not have a single national victim identification or referral mechanism to address all forms of trafficking and both children and adults remained without systematic provision of care, though there was a national identification tool for children. This paper investigates relationship between migration and human trafficking in Germany by analyzing macro-level data from 150 countries. • Implement strong regulations and oversight of recruitment companies that are consistently enforced, including prosecuting them for fraudulent labor recruitment. Traffickers subject Roma and foreign unaccompanied minors to sex trafficking, forced begging, and other coerced criminal behavior. Judges could not be compelled to attend training courses, although many voluntarily participated in some form of training. During the reporting period, Germany extradited 26 suspected traffickers to 11 countries and received 18 trafficking suspects from eight countries. • Increase the capacity of investigators, prosecutors, and courts with specific expertise on trafficking cases to minimize delay in bringing cases to trial. The law allowed German labor recruiters to charge workers recruitment fees, which increased vulnerability to labor trafficking. BAMF introduced a new training module in 2019 that focused specifically on human trafficking and reached approximately 80-100 asylum decision makers. To improve this disparity of expertise, a federal government-funded NGO conducted a nationwide workshop on labor trafficking for public prosecutors in November 2018. The Country is often criticized for its lax standards when it comes to eliminating prostitution. Burkina Faso: Five things you need to know this week about global education (January 8, 2021) Funding will help to prevent girls dropping out of school in a crisis zone - while classes cancelled by Covid-19 are resuming after nine months in Kenya and Ethiopia. Each BAMF branch office in Germany included at least one representative to assist in identifying and supporting potential victims of trafficking. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. Under German sentencing practices, judges typically suspended sentences under two years, particularly for first-time offenders, for most crimes, including human trafficking. Against that background, the Foundation “Remem-brance, Responsibility and Future” will take up the sug- Under German sentencing practices, judges typically suspended sentences under two years, particularly for first-time offenders, for most crimes, including for human trafficking convictions. Traffickers continue to target migrants and refugees upon arrival. On the eve of the 9th EU Anti-Trafficking Day on Sunday, hundreds of women across Germany took to the streets to demonstrate against human trafficking … To address this need, in January 2019, the government approved €220 million ($252.29 million) to expand judicial staff, prosecutors, and police for all criminal cases. The Government of Germany does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Text of the Convention in German non-official translation. While the law allowed for compensation from the government, it could only be awarded to victims who had experienced direct physical violence, and the government did not report whether it awarded compensation to any victims during the reporting period. In February 2019, the United States and Germany signed a Joint Declaration of Intent to increase cooperation on labor trafficking issues, including within global supply chains. Human trafficking in Germany From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. • Increase prioritization of labor trafficking, including victim identification and investigation and prosecution of labor traffickers. More than 700 police officers searched 30 homes and businesses across Germany on Tuesday in a crackdown on human trafficking from Vietnam, authorities said. This compared with five prosecuted and three convicted, but only received fines, in 2017. The Federal Agency for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) identified more potential victims in the asylum protection system than in recent years and made referrals to counseling centers. • Increase harmonization of the institutional framework and coordination structures at the federal and state levels. In 2018, the most recent year for which comprehensive statistics were available, state government authorities, who are responsible for protection efforts, identified 503 trafficking victims, compared to 669 in 2017. Labor trafficking victims are predominantly male and European, including from North Macedonia, Latvia, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Poland, and Romania, but also Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Vietnam. The number of Nigerian suspects (eight percent) increased threefold from 2016. The law provided legal alternatives to removal to countries in which victims would face retribution or hardship. • Create a national referral mechanism for victims across all states. During the reporting period, some NGOs reported that the number of sex trafficking victims increased following the implementation of the prostitution law, while other NGOs continued to express concern that the most vulnerable victims of trafficking would either not register or register without disclosing trafficking crimes; despite this, sex trafficking victim identification did not correspondingly increase. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Subject to certain requirements, victims could join criminal trials as joint plaintiffs and were entitled to free legal counsel and pursuit of civil remedies as part of the criminal proceeding. The law also exempted trafficking victims from criminal prosecution for minor crimes committed during the course of their trafficking. The criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking under Sections 232, 232(a), 232(b), 233, and 233(a) and prescribed punishments of six months to 10 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Text of the Convention in German non-official translation. Human trafficking in Germany. During this period, convictions ranged from 88 in 2014 to 123 in 2007 and averaged 116 trafficking convictions per year. However, the number of Nigerian and Hungarian suspects increased compared to 2017. However, some NGOs expressed concern that the most vulnerable victims of trafficking would either not register, or register without disclosing trafficking crimes. State authorities reported several cases in which convicted traffickers received significant penalties in 2018. The government sustained funding for NGOs that produced public awareness campaigns in Germany and abroad through websites, postcards, telephone hotlines, pamphlets, and … The government made uneven protection efforts. The government maintained efforts to prevent trafficking. The government’s service center for agencies and professionals working on trafficking cases, Servicestelle, continued to provide training to prosecutors on forced labor and provided a new anti-trafficking training to local job center personnel. The promise of helping them emigrate to Germany were occasionally returned to their original country! 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