An oligarchical revolution occurred in Athens, in which a group of 400 seized power. by A.H. Clough. The Spartans summoned forces from all of their allies, including Athens, to help them suppress the revolt. In 403 BC, the oligarchs were overthrown and a democracy was restored by Thrasybulus. These 27 years were not full of conflict, though. There were 2 Peloponnesian wars, the first was 459-446 BC so it lasted 13 years and the second one was 431-404 BC (I think this was the main one), so it lasted for 27 years. After his defection, Alcibiades claimed to the Spartans that the Athenians planned to use Sicily as a springboard for the conquest of all of Italy and Carthage, and to use the resources and soldiers from these new conquests to conquer the Peloponnese. Little is known about Thucydides’ life apart from the few biographical references in his masterwork. He was born in the Athenian suburb of Halimos and was in Athens during the plague of c.430 B.C., a year after the war began. , The more immediate events that led to war involved Athens and Corinth. After the death of Pericles, the Athenians turned somewhat against his conservative, defensive strategy and to the more aggressive strategy of bringing the war to Sparta and its allies. The First Peloponnesian War (460–445 BC) was fought between Sparta as the leaders of the Peloponnesian League and Sparta's other allies, most notably Thebes, and the Delian League led by Athens with support from Argos. One of the most important wars in the Ancient World was the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE). 400. While the Spartans refrained from action themselves, some of their allies began to talk of revolt. " Indeed, the nearly fifty years of Greek history that preceded the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War had been marked by the development of Athens as a major power in the Mediterranean world. The delay was costly and forced the Athenians into a major sea battle in the Great Harbor of Syracuse. After these battles, the Spartan general Brasidas raised an army of allies and helots and marched the length of Greece to the Athenian colony of Amphipolis in Thrace, which controlled several nearby silver mines; their product supplied much of the Athenian war fund. What was an advantage of Athens during the... Why was Sparta nervous about the Delian League? Sparta's powerful ally Corinth was notably opposed to intervention, and the congress voted against war with Athens. They were supported in this by Argos, a powerful state within the Peloponnese that had remained independent of Lacedaemon. when Athens surrendered. The Peloponnesian war was with greek city-states but I am not sure which ones. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Overall, it lasted 27 years. Is it the Athenian's fault that it lasted so long? Neville: The plague comes along in the second year, so very early on in what ends up being a 30 year conflict. In "The First Peloponnesian War", Athenians agreed to a thirty year peace treaty with Sparta, but it only ended up lasting fourteen years before … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Spartan fleet under Callicratidas lost 70 ships and the Athenians lost 25 ships. After the Hellenic League expelled the Persians from Greece in 479 BC, the Athenians lead the effort to form a new and lasting anti-Persian alliance, which resulted in the Delian League forming in 478 BC. Corinth and Thebes demanded that Athens should be destroyed and all its citizens should be enslaved, but Sparta refused.  There, Cyrus allied with the Spartan general Lysander. With the support of the Athenians, the Argives succeeded in forging a coalition of democratic states within the Peloponnese, including the powerful states of Mantinea and Elis. The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. According to Thucydides, the Spartans acted in this way out of fear that the Athenians would switch sides and support the helots; the offended Athenians repudiated their alliance with Sparta. Was Syracuse in Ancient Greece a part of the... Was the Delian League created after the... How did the Delian League become the Athenian... 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